With supporting many military and defence organizations, Rayzer is always focusing on optical fiber sensing field, inertial navigation system solutions, inertial measurement units, Fiber optic gyroscope technology development and market, by supplying high performance Fiber Gyro coil product and PM optical components.
Fiber optic gyroscope is a device that is used to measure angular velocity when two beams of light are propagated simultaneously, but in different directions, through the same coil of optical fiber. The principle of operation of fiber optic gyroscope is mainly based on the interference of light and it is used in a variety of end-user industries, such as robotics, aerospace & defense, mining, and transportation.
The fiber optic gyroscope market is segmented broadly into four sub-segments – sensing axis, device types, verticals, and regions. Based on the sensing axis of fiber optic gyroscope, the fiber optic gyroscope market is segmented into three types, viz., 1-axis, 2-axis, and 3-axis.
Depending on the device types, the fiber optic gyroscope market is broadly segmented into three major types – Gyrocompass, Inertial Measurement Unit, and Inertial Navigation Systems. By verticals, the fiber optic gyroscope market is broadly segmented into six industrial sectors – aerospace & defense, automotive, robotics, mining, healthcare, and transportation & logistics. According to the geographic regions, the fiber optic gyroscope market is segmented into North America, Latin America, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Asia Pacific excluding Japan (APEJ), Japan, and Middle East & Africa (MEA).
The European Commission allocated over €90 million for the European Defense Fund from the EU budget for 2017-19, which increased up to €13 billion for the span of 2021-2027. Likewise for the U.S., the budget for defense increased from around US$ 606 billion in 2017 to US$ 639.1 billion in a year, and the President’s FY2019 budget request for national defense includes nearly US$ 726 billion. Widespread use of fiber optic gyroscopes in military applications, such as missiles flight control, ground detection, and dynamic Global Positioning System (GPS) tracking, has made defense industry to remain one of the biggest end-user of fiber optic gyroscope. This coupled with surging investments in the defense sector, as that in the U.S. and Europe, will continue to proliferate demand for fiber optic gyroscope.
Miniaturized fiber optic gyroscopes offer highly effective integration in high-end industrial applications. Key industry experts apropos of fiber optic gyroscope are adopting innovative technologies to leverage the structural advantages associated with the compactness and size of fiber optic gyroscopes. Research efforts, such as those by researchers from Micro-Satellite Research Center, School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Zhejiang University, focused toward discovering novel methods for designing miniaturized fiber optic gyroscopes with greater efficiency, to offset functionality related challenges linked with reducing size of these gyroscopes, are primary examples of such innovative developmental activities.
Higher decibels of measurement noise associated with fiber optic gyroscopes continue to remain a key confinement to their efficiency in high-end applications. Fiber optic gyroscopes, commonly used in inertial guidance systems, are associated with high relative intensity noise (RIN), and exhibit poor operational efficiency, thereby impeding their penetration into the marketplace.. As the noise level has become one of the most important performance parameter of fiber optic gyroscopes for end-users, it is forcing manufacturers to include high-cost noise reduction systems for eliminating noise from various sources in fiber optic gyroscopes. Use of fiber ring resonator (FRR) to reduce relative intensity noise is one such advancement in the fiber optic cable market.
Growth prospects of the fiber optic gyroscope market witness a significant impact of advanced operational features, such as vibration resistance, flexibility, and shock resistance, and robustness of fiber optic gyroscopes when they are employed in inertial navigation systems. As fiber optic gyroscopes minus the mechanical components of traditional gyroscopes, it enables end-users to enhance the performance characteristics of fiber optic gyroscope-based inertial navigation systems.
Fiber optic gyroscope-based inertial navigation systems exhibit high output rate and attains high accuracy at measuring angular velocity of multiple objects in a vast range of angles. This entails the rapidly-growing adoption of inertial navigation systems in unmanned military vehicles and airborne surveillance systems, ultimately triggering demand for fiber optic gyroscopes in the aerospace & defense industry.
(Most Article content source from Fact.MR)